Digital India is a campaign launched by Narendra Modi, the Prime minister of India on 1st July 2019 to make the country digitally empowered in the field of technology and also to ensure that the services provided by the government are available to the citizens electronically by well-equipped online infrastructure. During its launch, its main objective was to introduce high-speed Internet connectivity in all rural areas of India and improving digital literacy. Digital India comprises of several other schemes which include BharatNet, Make in India, Startup India, Standup India, industrial corridors,  Bharatmala,  Sagarmala,   dedicated freight corridors,  UDAN-RCS and E-Kranti.

Digital India is centred on three key vision areas which are as follows:

  • Digital Infrastructure as a utility to every citizen.
  • Governance and Services on demand.
  • Digital Empowerment of citizens.

Here are the nine pillars of Digital India.

  1. Broadband highways
  2. Universal access to phones
  3. Public Internet Access Programme
  4. E-governance i.e., reforming government through technology
  5. Kranti which means electronic delivery of services
  6. Information for all
  7. Electronics manufacturing on a target of net zero imports
  8. IT for jobs
  9. Early harvest programmes

Digital India also involves some key projects and some of them are mentioned as follows

  • Digital Locker System aims to minimize the use of physical documents and enable sharing of e-documents across agencies.
  • it has been implemented as a platform for citizen engagement in governance, through a “Discuss”, “Do” and “Disseminate” approach. The mobile App for MyGov would bring these features to users on a mobile phone.
  • Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) Mobile app would be used by people and Government organizations for achieving the goals of Swachh Bharat Mission.
  • The Online Registration System (ORS)under the hospital application has been introduced. This application provides important services such as online registration, payment of fees and appointment, online diagnostic reports, enquiring availability of blood online etc.
  • BSNL has undertaken large scale deployment of Wi-Fi hotspots throughout the country. The user can latch on the BSNL Wi-Fi network through their mobile devices.

Impacts of Digital India

  • According to analysts, the Digital India plan could boost GDP up to $1 trillion by 2025. It can play a key role in macro-economic factors such as GDP growth, employment generation, labour productivity, growth in the number of businesses and revenue leakages for the Government.
  • Social sectors such as education, healthcare, and banking are unable to reach out to the citizens due to obstructions and limitations such as middleman, illiteracy, ignorance, poverty, lack of funds, information and investments.
  • The next generation technologies will help in lowering the carbon footprint by reducing fuel consumption, waste management, greener workplaces and thus leading to a greener ecosystem. The ICT sector helps in efficient management and usage of scarce and non-renewable resources.




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