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Importance Of Lakes and Ponds

Lakes and Ponds constitute about 2% of the entire land surface on earth. Lakes are formed when rainwater or water from glaciers accumulates in a low lying area in trough formation. The water mostly flows in through underground crevices or springs. There are a very few incidences where a river merges in a lake.  Lakes are important for various reasons, like regulating the flow of river water, storage of water during the dry seasons, to maintaining the ecosystem, and also the generation of hydroelectric power. They also provide the water supply for agricultural, domestic and industrial uses. Freshwater sources are used for the purpose of drinking. They also support and regulate soil erosion, biodiversity, flood protection etc., The different types of lakes in India are freshwater lakes and saltwater lakes. The Wular Lake in Jammu and Kashmir is the largest freshwater lake in India.

“Water creates so much beauty, life and mystery.”
― Fennel Hudson

People feel relaxed around water as symbolized by the expression “water and greenery.” People use lakeshores for talking walks and other recreation and sports activities such as boating and fishing. The annual number of tourists visiting lakes has risen. Healthy lakes and their shores not only provide us with a number of environmental benefits but they influence our quality of life and they strengthen our economy.

Lakes can provide us with prime opportunities for recreation, tourism, and cottage or residential living. They are also respected by many people for their historical and traditional values and may be a source of raw drinking water for a municipality. Lakes can also be used as a water supply for industry and an irrigation source for agriculture.

“It is usual that little streams put their mouths into big rivers. Most rivers can also be traced to the big sea. The fact that you start with a small choice does not mean you will be on that narrow road forever.”
― Israelmore Ayivor

Proper lake function can ease the impact of floods and droughts by storing large amounts of water and releasing it during shortages. Lakes also work to replenish groundwater, positively influence water quality of downstream watercourses, and preserve the biodiversity and habitat of the area. When the ecological puzzle pieces of a lake come together and the lake is able to work as it should, the big picture is clear, we all stand to benefit from this important resource.

It is our responsibility to continue to practice stewardship in our lakes by keeping them healthy for all, especially those who depend on them.

 

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